Banco Santander has announced that it has issued the first end-to-end blockchain bond. The bank issued the bond directly onto the blockchain and the bond will also continue to exist only on the blockchain: a first step towards a potential secondary market for mainstream security tokens in the future.
Banco Santander is itself the issuer of the US$20m bond, while one of the Group’s units purchased the bond at market price. The bond carries a quarterly coupon of 1.98%. Santander Securities Services is acting as tokenisation agent and custodian of the cryptographic keys. Santander Corporate and Investment Banking (CIB), the bank’s global division that supports corporate and institutional clients, acted as dealer for the issuance, continuing the work that started in Santander’s blockchain lab in 2016.
Santander used the public Ethereum blockchain, one of the more advanced open source blockchain technologies. This allows Santander to achieve the milestone of tokenising the bond securely and registering it in a permissioned manner on the blockchain. The cash used to complete the investment (on-chain delivery-versus-payment) and the quarterly coupons have also been tokenised, i.e., represented digitally on the blockchain.
Thanks to this automation, the one-year maturity bond has reduced the number of intermediaries required in the process, making the transaction faster, more efficient and simpler. Santander CIB says that its goal is to engage with its most innovative clients as it moves from the project stage to product development.
José García Cantera, chief financial officer at Banco Santander, said: “Santander is at the forefront of the profound digital transformation of the financial sector and this transaction is one example. We want to take advantage of any technology that can accelerate that process, so that our customers thrive and be faster and more efficient, and blockchain is one of those technologies.”
José María Linares, global head of Santander Corporate & Investment Banking, commented: “Our clients are increasingly demanding the best thinking and technology in how we serve them in their capital-raising efforts. This blockchain-issued bond puts Santander at the forefront of capital markets innovation and demonstrates to clients that we are the best partner to support them on their digital journey.”
For this project, Santander received support from London-based start-up Nivaura, a regulated fintech company which builds solutions that digitise and automate key processes in capital markets, as well as legal advice from global law firm Allen & Overy. Santander InnoVentures, the US$200m venture capital fund, invested in Nivaura last February.
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