As the launch data for PSD2 approaches (January 2018), the more urgent it becomes to agree the final detail of the rules. It is crunch time.
European Commission Review and EBA response
The EC reviewed the PSD2 overall concept and method of operating, and proposed various changes to the Regulatory Technical Standards. Their proposals were sent to the key players.
The European Banking Association’s response to Commission’s proposals (published on 29 June 2107) was that “it does not want third-party providers to use the customer-facing interfaces as fall-back, should the dedicated TPP-interface mandated by the PSD2 fail for some reason.”
Fintech Alliance response
The “Future of European Fintech Alliance” (FA)— currently consisting of 73 European fintechs, challenger banks and fintech industry organisations with PPRO Group being one of them — disagrees in the strongest terms with the EBA’s response.
They point out (our underlining):
- “The EBA does not want third-party providers (TPPs) to use the customer-facing interfaces as fallback, should the dedicated TPP-interface fail for some reason - this even despite the fact that both ways of accessing an account are recognized as being in line with PSD2. This position undermines the business model of EU fintechs so fundamentally that it calls into question the entire future viability of the industry in the European Union.
- “The “Future of European Fintech Alliance” believes that freedom of choice should be reciprocal: if Account Servicing Payment Service Providers (ASPSPs) shall be able to choose whether or not to provide a dedicated interface; the TPPs should also be able to choose whether or not to use it, if suitable, or simply carry on using the customer-facing interface - although then only after properly identifying themselves as a legitimate, PSD2-licensed, security-audited and supervised TPP.”
FA contine, “While not accommodating reciprocality, the amendments proposed by the EC represent a balanced compromise between the needs of the banks and the fintech industry. PSD2 protects direct access in Art. 98 and Recitals 32, 93 and prohibits obstruction of that access but for cases of fraud in Art. 68 (5). The EC’s amendments imply that banks are not allowed via RTS to unilaterally exclude or obstruct such direct access. In return, the EC obliges TPPs to use dedicated interfaces as long as they work properly. This offers banks the opportunity to provide a well-functioning API (Application Programming Interface) that does not restrict effective competition, but it forces them to accept direct access where they fail to deliver that. This provides effective incentives to either invest in quality APIs or desist (from obstruction).”
The FA press release closes with: Therefore the FA is deeply concerned about the EBA’s proposed removal of the customer-interface as a fallback:
- If the dedicated TPP-interface provided by an ASPSP fails for any reason, the TPPs which rely on that interface will no longer be able to operate.
- The EBA’s initial rationale for banning authorised direct access did not withstand scrutiny and is now replaced with equally flawed new arguments. For example, the EBA has now reinterpreted the legal assessment of the meaning of PSD2, saying that ASPSPs are required by law to limit TPP access to certain data only. This is an unexplained innovation late in the process that seems unduly prejudiced against the fundamental interests of TPPs.
FA believe that “this amendment will lead to the protection of incumbent banks’ interests against competition.”
Ralf Ohlhausen, Business Development Director PPRO Group, who is one of the alliance’s members says: “The EBA’s approach would disable existing, well-working payment initiation as well as account information services, which are very popular and widely used amongst consumers. It would undermine the most used business model of the European fintech industry.”
CTMfile take: This explosion was to be expected, the banks were never going to allow PSD2 to walk all over them without a fight. However, it is very late to be having such fundamental discussions. PSD2 delayed?
PSD2: why reform was needed but weaknesses remain
With approval of the revised Payments Services Directive imminent, will PSD2 provide the legal framework needed for Europe's fast-changing and growing payments environment?
How PSD2 and interchange fee regulations will affect corporates
Two regulations are changing the European payments landscape: The Payment Services Directive (PSD2) and the Multilateral Interchange Fees Regulation. But how will corporates be affected?
EVRY: PSD2 opens door to almost any company interested in eating a bank’s lunch…..
White paper: Shows how PSD2 will open up the European financial landscape and the strategies for how banks can take the leading positions