According to SWIFT’s latest RMB tracker, the United Kingdom’s RMB payments value increased by 21% between March 2014 and March 2016, positioning the United Kingdom as the first offshore RMB clearing centre after Hong Kong. Singapore overtook the United Kingdom in February 2014, but the trend started to reverse as of January 2016. Hong Kong still remains the world’s largest offshore RMB centre, processing 72.5% of all RMB payments, followed by United Kingdom with a share of 6.3% and Singapore with 4.6%.
Payments between UK and Hong Kong/China
SWIFT data also shows that 40% of all payments made between United Kingdom and China/Hong Kong are exchanged in RMB. The Chinese currency is by far the most used in this corridor, followed by the Hong Kong dollar (24%) and the British pound (12%).
“Since the China Construction Bank (London branch) became a clearing bank in the United Kingdom in June 2014, there has been a steady growth of RMB payments between the United Kingdom and China/Hong Kong,” says Stephen Gilderdale, Managing Director, UK, Ireland & Nordics at SWIFT. “Offshore RMB clearing centres are driving greater use of the currency in global trade, and countries such as the United Kingdom, are reaping the benefits.”
RMB’s share as an international payment currency
In March 2016, the RMB remained stable in its position as the fifth most active currency for global payments by value with a share of 1.88%, a slight increase from 1.74% in February 2016. Overall, RMB payments value increased by 18.46% compared to February 2016, whilst in general all payments currencies increased by 10.67%, see figure.
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